Hip dysplasia describes a condition where the hip’s ball (femoral head) and socket (acetabulum) are misaligned. The condition primarily affects children but is also commonly diagnosed in adulthood. Treatment options range from simple bracing to extensive surgery and should be determined based on the patient’s age and the severity of their condition.
Idiopathic scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve to the side. While the cause of scoliosis is unknown, it usually runs in families and typically affects girls and young women more often and severely than boys and young men. Mild cases that do not cause pain or discomfort require no treatment. However, cases that are moderate to severe and with or without pain or discomfort require treatment which is determined on a case by case basis.